Daniel R. Dunlap

1411 Karr Lane
Blacksburg, VA  24060
email: dunlapd at


  • Ph.D. Science and Technology Studies, Virginia Tech (2002)
  • M.S. Science and Technology Studies, Virginia Tech (1995)
  • B.A. Philosophy, Virginia Tech (1987)

Awards and Service:

  • Graduate Assistantship, Interdisciplinary Studies, Virginia Tech
  • Graduate Student Representative, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies Curriculum Transition Committee, Virginia Tech
  • NSF Graduate Research Traineeship, Virginia Tech
  • Postdoc, Center for Human-Computer Interaction, Virginia Tech

Referee Reviews:

  • CHI Conference for Human-Computer Interaction (2005)
  • International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (IJHCS) (2004)
  • Communities and Technologies Conference (2003)
  • ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interactions (2002, 2004)
  • Journal of Health and Social Behavior (2002)
  • Computer-Human Interaction (2001)
  • Science, Technology, and Human Values (2001, 2003)
  • INTERACT (International Conference on HCI) (1999)
  • Perspective on Science (1998)


  • Groenke, S., Maples, J., Dunlap, D. 2005. Understanding and Unlocking the Potential of Virtual Talk in Cyberspace, The National Council of Teachers of English: Virtual Spaces for Teachers and Learners, 28 (2).
  • Maples, J., Groenke, S., Dunlap, D. 2005. The Web Pen Pals Project: Students’ Perceptions of a Learning Community in an Online Synchronous Environment. Journal of Online Interactive Learning, 4 (2).
  • Carroll, J.M., Rosson, M.B., Kavanaugh, A., Dunlap, D.R., Schafer, W., Snook, J. Isenhour, P.L. 2005. Social and Civic Participation in a Community Network. In R. Kraut, M. Brynin & S. Kiesler. (Eds.) Domesticating Information Technologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Carroll, J.M., Choo, C.W. , Dunlap, D.R., Isenhour, P.L., Kerr, S.T., MacLean, A., Rosson, M.B. 2003. Knowledge Management Support for Teachers. Educational Technology, Research and Development; 51, 4; Education Module. pg. 42.
  • Carroll, J.M., Rosson, M.B. Dunlap, D.R. & Isenhour, P.L. 2003. Frameworks for Sharing Knowledge: Toward a Professional Language for Teaching Practices. Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-36 (January 6-9, Kona).
  • Kim, K., Isenhour, P.L., Carroll, J.M., Rosson, M.B., and Dunlap, D.R., “TeacherBridge: Knowledge Management in Communities of Practice,” Proc. of the IFIP TC9 WG9.3 International Conference on Home Oriented Informatics and Telematics (HOIT 2003), Irvine, California, April 2003.
  • Dunlap, D., Schafer, W., Carroll, J.M. & Reese, D.D. 2003. Delving deeper into access: Marginal Internet usage in a local community. Proceedings of HOIT 2003: Home Oriented Informatics and Telematics, The Networked Home and the Home of the Future.
  • Carroll, J. M., G. Chin, et al. 2001. Building Educational Technology Partnerships Through Participatory Design. Managing IT/Community Partnerships in the 21st Century. J. Lazar, Ed.
  • Carroll, J. M., Rosson, M. B., Isenhour, P., Ganoe, C., Dunlap, D., Fogarty, J., Schafer, W., & Metre, C. V. 2001. Designing Our Town: MOOsburg. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 54 (5).
  • Dunlap, D., Neale, D.C. & Carroll, J.M. 2000. Teacher collaboration in a networked community. Educational Technology & Society, Special Issue on “On-Line Collaborative Learning Environments”.
  • Neale, D.C., Dunlap, D.R. & Carroll, J.M. 2000. Collaborative critical incident development. 40th annual meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
  • Isenhour, P.L., Carroll, J.M., Neale, D.C., & Dunlap, D. R. 2000. The Virtual School: An integrated collaborative environment for the classroom. Educational Technology & Society, Special Issue on “On-Line Collaborative Learning Environments”.
  • Carroll, J.M., Rosson, M.B., Neale, D.C., Isenhour, P.L., Dunlap, D., Ganoe, C.H., VanMetre, C., Seals, C., Fogarty, J., Schafer, Bussom, T., Bunn, K., Davie, P., Freeman, M., Goforth, A., Mauney, S., Rencsok, F., Anderson, C., Hertel, M., & Svrcek, B. 2000. -The LiNC Project: Learning in Networked Communities. Learning Technology, 2(1), (electronic publication at, ISSN 1438-0625).
  • Dunlap, D.R. 1998. Scientific Learnings.Science as Culture, 7(1). Book Review.
  • Reeves, B.J. & Dunlap, D.R. 1996. Science Literacy Theories as Ethical Theories. Pp. 23-29 in Proceedings of the Eleventh National Technological Literacy Conference (National Association for Science, Technology and Society Annual Meeting), Arlington, VA, February 8-11, 1996. (Eds.) D. W. Cheek and K. A. Cheek. Bloomington, Ind.: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education.
  • Contributing author: LaPorte, J.E. & Sanders, M.E. (1995). Technology, Science, Mathematics Connection Activities. Lake Forest, Ill: Glenco.

Selected Research Involvement:

  • Modeling Online Participation in Local Governance. NSF IIS-0429274. Digital Government Program (September 1, 2004 – August 31, 2007). In collaboration with Montgomery County and the Town of Blacksburg. Co-PI
  • Scaling Up SimCalc: Professional Development for Integrating Technology to Teach More Complex Mathematics (Phase I). NSF REC-0228515. Served as field observer for select Texas classrooms.
  • “TeacherBridge” NSF ROLE: The School as a Knowing Organization – Knowledge Management as a Strategy for Continuous Teacher Development. NSF REC-0106552 (January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2004; $710,233). Served as Co-PI and Project Manager.
  • “Awareness” NSF ITR/PE (IIS): Activity Awareness in Computer-Supported Collaboration. NSF REC-0113264 (January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2003; $499,834). Served as Co-PI.
  • “EPIC” NSF ITR: Interdisciplinary Views of the Blacksburg Electronic Village. NSF REC-0080864 (January 1, 2001 – December 31, 2003; $468,000). Served as Investigator and field researcher administering and anlalyzing surveys and interviews.
  • “LiNC” Learning in Networked Communities. NSF REC-9554206. Served as field researcher investigating classroom activities


  • Literacy at the Improv: Facilitating Critical Cyber-Discussions. American Educational Research Association (AERA) 2005, Montreal. April 11-15, 2005.
  • Using Multiple Sign Systems to Demonstrate Understandings, Panel at National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) 94th Annual Convention, November 18-21, 2004.
  • Using GPS to Direct Watershed Education and Restoration Efforts. Workshop presenter. (June 21-22, 2004 James Madison Univeristy; Nov. 11-12, 2004 Tidewater Community College, Va. Beach).
  • Using “New Literacies” to “Read” and Re-present the Signs of Adolescence. Virginia Society for Technology in Education, 18th Annual State Technology Conference, March 15, 2004.
  • Using TeacherBridge in Middle School. Virginia Middle School Association, Region 6 Conference. April 15, 2004.
  • The Surveillance Technologies: Choices and Challenges forum, “Big Brother Technologies”, Virginia Tech, March 27, 2003.
  • Collaborative Technologies in K-12 Schools: Human Computer Interaction Consortium – 2001, Snow Mountain Ranch, Colorado, February 8, 2001.
  • Gauging Cooperative Learning in the Virtual School: Positive Interdependence in Computer-Mediated Group Science Projects. Presented at CILT2000: Technology, Equity, and K-14 Learning, Hilton McLean Tysons Corner, VA., October 26-29, 2000.
  • Multi-faceted evaluation for complex, distributed, CSCL environments (Neale, D.C. & Carroll, J.M. 1999). Presented at Computer Support for Collaborative Learning CSCL 1999, Stanford University, Dec. 12-15, 1999.
  • The Virtual School: Minds-On Science Activities, National Science Teachers Association Conference, Boston, March 26, 1999.

Professional Experience:

  • Owner Rocket Music, Blacksburg VA
  • Research Scientist, Virginia Tech Center for Human Computer Interaction: LiNC Project, MOOsburg Project, and Manager of ROLE project 1998-2007
  • Courses Taught from 1995 to Present, Virginia Tech
    • CS3604, Professionalism in Computing. Studies professional practices and ethics related to computing fields and careers.
    • CS3724, Introduction to Human-Computer Interaction. This course covers the basic elements of design, development, and evaluation of software user interfaces.  Much of the course is devoted to the scenario-based usability engineering methodology, and with some additional coverage of graphical user interface programming concepts.
    • IDST 3114, Gender and Education: Interdisciplinary Studies special topics course. Examined the role of gender on knowledge, learning, and education from the fields of biology, sociology, education, culture studies, and science studies. Intensive writing course.
    • EDCI 2114, Perspective in Education: Introductory course for prospective middle school teachers. Included supervised field work in local K-8 classrooms and classroom component that introduced current issues in middle school education and curricula.
    • EDCI 4964, Field Study in Education: Field study for prospective middle school teachers. Involved supervised field work in K-8 classrooms, preparation for graduate program in education, analysis of fieldwork and current issues in schools.
  • Academic Advisor: Graduate Assistant in charge of Education; Interdisciplinary Studies 1993-1997
  • Co-Instructor, STS Ethnographic Research Methods Workshop: Virginia Tech, fall 1996
  • Teacher, Montgomery County Public Schools
    • Blacksburg High School: Physics, Earth Science, Algebra I, Algebra II: 1988-1991
    • Shawsville Middle School: Life Science: 1988-1989
    • Summer School: Algebra I: 1988
    • Substitute Teacher and Homebound Tutor: 1987-1988
  • Upward Bound Instructor; Physics, General Science, Math; Virginia Tech; July 1990 – June 1991